Nomination of Jeff Sessions as U.S. Attorney General Poses Threat to Our Democracy
From Common Cause:
Karen Hobert Flynn, Paul S. Ryan, Allegra Chapman
The nomination of Sen. Jeff Sessions to serve as U.S. Attorney General is a threat to many of our nation’s most cherished ideals of democracy. His actions and publicly stated views are out of touch with our nation’s citizens, its laws, and with the Constitution. Recent reports also link Sessions to a variety of controversial Executive Orders coming out of the White House, including the immigration ban which was drafted by a Sessions confident. Such direct influence on White House policy raises serious questions about whether Sessions could serve as a check to any abuses of power by the White House.
Over our 46-year history, Common Cause has rarely weighed in on presidential appointments. We reserve censure on nominations to which the executive is constitutionally entitled for those nominees who have proven unfit for the job. As a decades-old organization committed to holding power accountable – no matter who holds it — we are compelled to weigh in on President Trump’s nomination of Sen. Sessions as the nation’s top lawyer. Because Mr. Sessions espouses beliefs and has taken actions contrary to the ideals of an inclusive democracy, we have urged the Senate to defeat his nomination.
We strongly encourage you to write or editorialize in opposition to the nomination of Sen. Sessions to serve as Attorney General. His extensive involvement in Trump Administration policy decisions and his lengthy and troubling record, particularly on civil rights and voting rights, renders him unfit to serve as our nation’s highest ranking law enforcement officer.
Your commentary is particularly important as the full Senate could vote on the nomination as early next Tuesday.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) is required, among other things, “to enforce the law” and “ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.” Part of the Attorney General’s job is to ensure compliance with existing federal law, including the Voting Rights Act, the Help America Vote Act, and the National Voter Registration Act. Sen. Sessions’ past statements and actions indicate that, if confirmed as Attorney General, he would fail to fully uphold the Voting Rights Act, and perhaps other key civil and voting rights legislation, as those laws stand today.
The Washington Post recently reported that Sessions is a central figure behind the policies emanating from the White House. President Trump’s Chief Strategist Stephen Bannon confirmed to the Post that he and Sessions are driving much of White House policy agenda:
Bannon described Sessions as “the clearinghouse for policy and philosophy” in Trump’s administration, saying he and the senator are at the center of Trump’s “pro-America movement” and the global nationalist phenomenon.
Not only are there doubts about Sessions’ ability to maintain independence in his role, given his close ties to the president and his executive orders, but there are also deep concerns about his record on voting rights, as has been extensively documented. In 1986, and again in 2005, the Senator called the Voting Rights Act (VRA) an “intrusive piece of legislation.” Although he voted in 2006 to reauthorize the federal law – the Senate reauthorized extension by a 98-0 vote – Sen. Sessions years later applauded the Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Shelby County v. Holder to gut a section of the Voting Rights Act that for decades had stopped discriminatory voting laws from seeing the light of day.
Shortly after Shelby came down, Sen. Sessions said that “if you go to Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, people aren’t being denied the vote because of the color of their skin.” At best, this statement is naive; at worst, willfully ignorant. All three states made voting changes with discriminatory impact – a photo ID law in Alabama; rescheduled municipal elections in Georgia; and repressive omnibus legislation, including cuts to same day registration and early voting and a new photo ID law, in North Carolina. A federal court in striking down the provisions passed in North Carolina found that they intentionally “target African Americans with almost surgical precision.”
As U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama, in the mid-80s, Mr. Sessions prosecuted three civil rights activists organizing voter registration drives in a black majority county on allegations of voter fraud. Due to a dearth of evidence – only 14 purportedly tampered ballots out of 1.7 million votes cast – the jury acquitted the men in less than four hours.
If Mr. Sessions is appointed head of DOJ, much of the work done to advance voting rights over the past 50 years could come undone. The law that helped ensure Americans could cast their constitutionally-guaranteed ballots free from discrimination will be on the chopping block, with Mr. Sessions swinging the axe.
We expect that Mr. Sessions, as head of DOJ, would fail to litigate against states and jurisdictions for violations under Section 2, the remaining teeth of the Voting Rights Act. Several recent decisions striking down restrictive measures – Texas’ photo ID law, North Carolina’s omnibus legislation, North Dakota’s photo ID law – were grounded in Section 2, which prohibits voting practices or procedures that discriminate on the basis of race, color, or membership in a specified language group. Because Mr. Sessions has reiterated his assertion that the VRA is “intrusive,” and has applauded the Shelby decision, it is highly likely that DOJ would fail to prosecute, using this effective tool, even when state laws clearly result in discrimination. Such failure to prosecute would amount to a failure to equally protect the rights of all Americans – a requirement of the Attorney General’s job description.
Mr. Sessions has, additionally, over the years made a number of racist remarks, which many cite as the reason he was denied a federal judgeship in 1986 by a Republican-led Senate. Though it may not be fair to hold remarks made 30-plus years ago against a man today, Mr. Sessions has shown no signs of reformation. Instead, through policy statements made over the past few years, Mr. Sessions has shown himself to be ignorant of modern-day discrimination, especially in the area of voting rights, and recalcitrant toward enforcement of current voting rights law. This man simply would not protect the right to vote for all Americans and, thus, would fail to uphold at least some of the duties thrust upon the Attorney General.
For this most recent nomination, Sen. Sessions did not even fully complete the Judiciary Committee’s required questionnaire. Among other things, he omitted mention of his rejected nomination to serve as a federal judge despite a specific request to list all prior nominations. The Senator also omitted references to dozens of recent interviews, including some conducted with Breitbart News and one as recent as October of 2016 in which he excuses President Trump’s statements condoning sexual assault. Content aside, such omissions amount to a process violation. In 2010, when the Senator himself reviewed submissions from a judicial nominee, he noted that the incomplete response was “potentially disqualifying” and amounted to a criminal offense. For the Senator to now engage in the same misbehavior he previously excoriated is not just disrespectful to this Committee but also a clear indication that he would not abide by the requirements of the Attorney General’s job description. To maintain the rule of law from the office of the country’s chief attorney, one must abide by it; Sen. Sessions, in flouting the rules of this nomination process, has already proven himself incapable of the job at hand.
Sen. Sessions additionally tries to create for himself a pro-civil rights record that simply does not exist. As three former DOJ attorneys noted in a recent op-ed, Sen. Sessions completed no substantive work on at least three of the four civil rights cases he claimed, in his recent questionnaire, as significant litigation on which he “personally” worked. Tellingly, Sen. Sessions failed to include these very same cases in his questionnaire for his 1986 nomination to a federal judgeship.
Also of critical importance to the Attorney General’s duties is the role of DOJ’s Office of Legal Counsel. This office is meant to provide advice to the president and agencies on the legality of proposed actions, ranging from whether the president can accept a gift or prize to the legality of the proposed domestic surveillance programs. Given Sen. Sessions’ public stances on openness to considering President Trump’s proposal to ban Muslims from entering the country, denouncement of the Supreme Court’s holding on marriage equality, and labeling of groups like the NAACP and ACLU as “un-American,” we have little assurance that Mr. Sessions would provide evenhanded legal advice on issues ranging from “blind trusts” to immigration to national security. Such advice, in President Trump’s hands, could be used to justify dangerous actions.
In light of Sen. Sessions’ unfitness for the job of Attorney General, we strongly urge you to write or editorialize calling on the United States Senate to reject his nomination. Sessions’ record was deemed controversial enough that his previous judicial nomination was rejected by a Republican-controlled Senate. His troubling record is now longer and his role in the current White House raises additional questions about his ability to serve as a check to the excesses and potential abuses by the Trump Administration.
For more information, contact David Vance, Common Cause national media strategist; 202 736-5712 or firstname.lastname@example.org
 Tierney Sneed, Why Jeff Sessions as Attorney General Horrifies Voting Rights Advocates, Talking Points Memo, Nov. 16, 2016, http://talkingpointsmemo.com/dc/why-trump-s-choice-of-jeff-sessions-as-ag-is-alarming-voting-rights-advocates; see also Adam Serwer, Will Jeff Sessions Roll Back Civil-Rights Protections, The Atlantic, Nov. 18, 2016, http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/trumps-pick-for-attorney-general-foreshadows-a-civil-rights-rollback/508172/.
 Adam Serwer, Will Jeff Sessions Roll Back Civil-Rights Protections, The Atlantic, Nov. 18, 2016, http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/trumps-pick-for-attorney-general-foreshadows-a-civil-rights-rollback/508172/.
 Sarah Wildman, Closed Sessions, New Republic, Dec. 30, 2002, https://newrepublic.com/article/61363/closed-sessions.
 See J. Gerald Hebert, Why I told the Senate that Jeff Sessions thought Civil Rights Groups were ‘un-American’, Washington Post, Nov. 22, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2016/11/22/my-testimony-about-jeff-sessionss-racist-remarks-kept-him-from-becoming-a-judge/?utm_term=.53e940d4ff79.
 Jennifer Bendery, Jeff Sessions Omits Decades of Records for his AG Confirmation Hearing, Huffington Post, Dec. 30, 2016, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/jeff-sessions-attorney-general_us_586680bce4b0eb58648909c8
 J. Gerald Hebert, Joseph D. Rich, William Yeoman, Jeff Sessions says he handled these civil rights cases. He barely touched them, Washington Post, Jan. 3, 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/jeff-sessions-says-he-handled-these-civil-rights-cases-he-barely-touched-them/2017/01/03/4ddfffa6-d0fa-11e6-a783-cd3fa950f2fd_story.html?utm_term=.fddc39e1cd71Φ
Common Cause is a nonpartisan, grassroots organization dedicated to upholding the core values of American democracy. We work to create open, honest, and accountable government that serves the public interest; promote equal rights, opportunity and representation for all; and empower all people to make their voices heard in the political process. Karen Hobert Flynn is Common Cause President; Paul S. Ryan is Common Cause VP Litigation and Policy; Allegra Chapman is Common Cause Director of Voting and Elections, Sr. Counsel.