By PopularResistance Staff
On Friday, December 14, President Trump had another long phone call with the Turkish President Erdogan. Thereafter he overruled all his advisors and decided toÂ remove the U.S. boots from SyriaÂ and to alsoÂ end the air war.
This was the first time Trump took a decisive stand against theÂ borg, the permanent neoconservative and interventionist establishment in his administration, the military and congress, that usually dictates U.S. foreign policy.
It was this decision, and that he stuck to it, which finally made him presidential.
Trumpâ€™s National Security Advisor John Bolton, his Secretary of Defense â€˜mad dogâ€™ Mattis and his Secretary of State Pompeo were all against this decision. The specialist working on Syria, theÂ lunaticÂ (vid) special representative for Syria engagement James Jefferey and Brett McGurk, the special presidential envoy for the global coalition to defeat ISIS, were taken by surprise. They had worked diligently to install a permanent U.S. presence in a Kurdish ruled proxy state in northeast Syria.
While these people first tried to change Trumpâ€™s decision, their resistanceÂ has now ceased:
Secretary of Defense James Mattis, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and national security adviser John Bolton met Monday, when Trump was said to formally decide on a US withdrawal from Syria. Multiple US officials argued against an abrupt US withdrawal, but were saidÂ to have given up trying to get Trump to change his mind by Tuesday night. US officials began to notify allies of the decision Tuesday.â€œThe push back from DOD, State and NSC stopped [Tuesday] night,â€ said one regional expert who consults with the US administration, referring to the Department of Defense, the State Department and the National Security Council.
The Kurds in Northeast Syria
Back in January we already explained why the neoconservative project of a Kurdish proxy state in northeast SyriaÂ was doomedÂ from its start:
Ilhan tanir @WashingtonPoint â€“Â 7:50 PM â€“ 24 Jan 2018
This map being discussed all day on Turkish TVs as Turkeyâ€™s planned security zone/safe zone on Syria border.
Reportedly OKâ€™ed by Sec.Tillerson though nobody on the American side confirms it
It is the U.S. supported founding of a Kurdish state-let in northeast Syria which is Ankaraâ€™s most serious security concern. No [Turkish] â€œsafe zoneâ€ will help if the U.S. military continues to build and supplies a Kurdish â€œborder forceâ€ that can penetrate Turkeyâ€™s southeastern underbelly â€“ now, tomorrow or in ten years.Â Unless the U.S. stops that project and retreats from the area Turkey will continue to push against it â€“ if necessaryÂ by force.
The Turkish peopleÂ supportÂ the fight against U.S. supported Kurds and are willing to pay the price for it. The Kurdish YPK leaders areÂ delusionalÂ in their demands and overestimate their own political position.Â The U.S. can not have both, Turkey as an ally and a Kurdish proxy statelet. It has to decide.
Trump never wanted that project to proceed. He had always wanted to declare victory against ISIS and leave. It was the borg that tried to prevent this and which push the project along.
But there are bigger geopolitical fish to fry than such meddling in the Middle East. Trump knows that the United Statesâ€™ â€˜unilateral momentâ€™ after the demise of the Soviet Union, which left the U.S. as the sole superpower, is over. Russia is back and China is rising. Trumpâ€™s policy to adopt to the decreasing U.S. power is to end the â€˜globalizationâ€™ that allowed for Chinaâ€™s rapid rise. He wants to geopolitical[ly] split this worldÂ into two influence spheres. These will be separate from each other in the political, economic, technological and military realms.
Turkey, NATO and the U.S. European Command (EUCOM)
In this new big game Syriaâ€™s northeast is just a sideshow and not worth a significant involvement. The much larger Turkey, a U.S. NATO ally for 70 years, is way more important. If Trump had not taken the decision to end the neocon Syria project and to remove the U.S. from Syria the U.S.Â would have lost it:
Putting myself into Erdoganâ€™s shoes I would be very tempted to leave NATO and join an alliance with Russia, China and Iran. Unless the U.S. changes course and stops fooling around with the Kurds, Turkey will continue to disentangle itself from the old alliance. The Turkish army has so far prevented a break with NATO but even staunch anti-Erdogan officers areÂ now on his side.
If the U.S. makes a real offer to Turkey and adopts a new position it might be able to turn Turkey around and to put it back into its NATO fold. Is the Trump White House capable of defying the pro-Israel/pro-Kurdish voices and move back to that realist view?
If it can not do that the real answer to the question â€œWho lost Turkey?â€ will be obvious.
Trump decided that to prevent Turkey from leaving NATO, and from joining a deeper alliance with Russia, China and Iran, was more important than to further fool around at the margins of the Middle East. It is the right decision.
The Kurdish statelet idea also led to a conflict between the U.S. European Command (EUCOM) and U.S. Central Command (CentCom). Turkey (and Israel) fall under EUCOM, while the Middle East and west Asia are the realm of CentCom. Throughout the last year EUCOM had beenÂ increasingly noisyÂ about CentComâ€™s Syria plans:
Among the critics is General Curtis Scaparrotti, the head of the European Command and the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. [â€¦] During a trip to Washington in March, Scaparrotti huddled with Mattis to express his worries over the growing tensions in U.S.-Turkish relations, worries that the European commander has also expressed in several meetings with General Joseph Votel, his counterpart as head of Centcom.
The concern within EUCOM and NATO was indeed that Turkey would move further towards Russia and in the end leave NATO. That is now unlikely to happen. (Since 1991 it was CentCom that played an oversized role in U.S. foreign policy. Sec Def Mattis is a CentCom animal. It is good to see CentCom andÂ himÂ cut to size.)
But if the hope is that Turkey will end its relations with Russia and Iran the outcome will be disappointing. Turkey depends on Russian and Iranian gas and as export markets. After the attempted coup against him Erdogan does not trust the U.S. side. Moreover, the position that gives him the most flexibility and leverage is between the two â€˜blocksâ€™, both of which will continue to court him. He will continue to vacillate between them to get the most from both sides.
Neoconservatives, Zionist Backers, and Iran
The neoconservative elements in the administration, and their Zionist backers, have lost out. As Craig MurrayÂ describes their aims:
The chaos of this incoherent and counterproductive strategy is, peculiarly enough, what the neocons actually want. Perpetual war and destabilization in the Middle East is their goal. â€¦ Today, by keeping Arab populations poor and politically divided, the neo-cons believe that they enhance the security of Israel, and they certainly do facilitate the access of western companies to the oil and gas of the region, as we see in destabilized Iraq and Libya.
The neoconservative and interventionist borgÂ blew itÂ when it tried to use the temporary U.S. position in Syria against ISIS to goad Trump into a conflict with Iran:
Some current and former US officials faulted what they saw as overreach by administration Iran hawks, in particular US Syria envoy Jim Jeffrey and his lieutenant, Joel Rayburn, the deputy assistant secretary of state for the Levant, who have argued publicly that US forces would not leave Syria until all Iranian forces had left.â€œThe people who work for [Trump] â€” Bolton, Rayburn, now Jeffrey â€”Â make it worse by adding impossible objectives on Syria [involving Iran] that suggest an indefinite stay,â€ said the US official who called Trumpâ€™s decision catastrophic. The official said these arguments have â€œno connection to realistic objectives for our militaryâ€ and go â€œway beyondâ€ the goal of defeating IS and preventing its re-emergence.
But the Iranian presence in Syria is so small and the U.S. position so weak, that this wasÂ always a stupid idea:
John Allen Gay, an Iran expert and executive director of the John Quincy Adams Society, [..] argues that Trumpâ€™s decision confirms what everyone has quietly admitted for at least the past year: thatÂ keeping U.S. forces in Syria to counter ISIS was starting to look like a way for administration interventionists to argue that we should take on Iran.â€œKeeping the troops there post-ISIS was in part natural mission creep, but it was also a stalking horse for hawks in the administration who want to take on Iran,â€ he told TAC.
â€œYet dangling a few thousand guys in between Turkish forces on one side and Iranians, Russians, and Syrians on the otherÂ was never going to be decisive on Iranâ€™s regional role, and it came with real risks and no endgame,â€ Gay added. â€œI just donâ€™t think thereâ€™s any appetite in the American public for a big fight with Iran anywhere, let alone over Eastern Syria.â€
Some Safeguards, Some Unknowns
The U.S. State Department is already moving its people out of Syria. The 4,000 to 5,000 U.S. military and contractors were given 60 to 100 days (other sources say 30 day but that is a bit too hasty) to pack up and leave.
They will coordinate with Russia for a handover. There will be Russian advisors that will replace the U.S. Green Berets who command the Kurdish and Arab tribal forces against ISIS. Russia will also try to convince Turkey that there is no further need to invade Syriaâ€™s east. It will promise to disarm the Kurdish forces or to integrate them into the Syrian army. Its air force will replace the U.S. and others who currently bomb the 2,000 or so Islamic State fighters left in their hold out along the Euphrates.
The Kurds in Syria will have to make nice with Damascus. They have nowhere else to go. Their dream of an autonomous Rojava will turn out to be just that. Syria can only survive as a centrally controlled state. It will never be federalized. The local Arab tribes in the northeast will probably seek some revenge against the uppity Kurdish leadership that used the U.S. backing to draft their sons into the fight against ISIS. The YPK leadership will likely flee into north Iraq to hide out with their PKK brethren in in the Quandil mountains.
The Syrian army, which plans to dislodge al-Qaeda from Idleb governorate during the next spring, will now have to move a number of forces towards the northeast. Isolating the Islamic State at the Euphrates near the Iraqi border and eventually eliminating it will be the new priority. Iraqi militia will probably help with that. Recovering the oil and gas fields and other economic assets will be another important issue.
Much will depend on how Russia and Iran will be able to handle Turkey. With the U.S. out, and the danger of a Kurdish entity in Syria decreasing, they may well be able to convince Erdogan to stop his invasion plans.
Other Readings of the Trump Move
It is quite refreshing to see that Trump was finally able to liberate himself from the dictate of the borg. By moving the U.S. out of Syria he fulfilled one of his election promises.
Donald J. Trump @realDonaldTrump â€“Â 11:42 utc â€“ 20 Dec 2018
Getting out of Syria was no surprise. Iâ€™ve been campaigning on it for years, and six months ago, when I very publicly wanted to do it, I agreed to stay longer. Russia, Iran, Syria & others are the local enemy of ISIS. We were doing there work. Time to come home & rebuild. #MAGA
The people who voted for Trump will welcome the move. One hopes that he can expand on it by further decreasing the influence of Saudi Arabia and Israel on his policies.
During his campaign Trump also argued for better relations with Russia. But the borg pushed his policies towards the opposite stand. Removing the U.S. from Syria is eliminating one issue were Russia and the U.S. were on opposing sides. Could Trump use his newly found backbone to defeat the borg again and to finally work towards better relations with Russia?
That currently sounds unlikely. But Fridayâ€™s decision was a big surprise. Stay tuned for other ones.Î¦
Popular Resistance’s mission is to aid in bringing movements for peace and economic, racial and environmental justice together into an independent, nonviolent and diverse movement that can end the power of concentrated wealth, shift power to the people and put human needs before corporate greed. Read more about Popular Resistance here. This article was published on December 21 at PopularResistance.