JEFFREY D. SACHS – We are not at the 1-year anniversary of the war, as the Western governments and media claim. This is the 9-year anniversary of the war. And that makes a big difference.
JAMES W. CARDEN – The wariness and suspicion of unnecessary and unsupportable foreign interventions which, albeit all-too-temporarily, stemmed from the “Vietnam Syndrome” is today utterly absent in the corridors of power in Joe Biden’s Washington. The Vietnam Syndrome is indeed kicked: Dead and buried. But we may soon regret its passing.
BOAVENTURA DE SOUSA SANTOS – When armed conflicts take place in Africa or in the Middle East, Europe’s leaders are the first to call for a cessation of hostilities and to declare the urgent need for peace negotiations. Why is it then that when a war occurs in Europe, the drums of war beat incessantly, and not a single leader calls for them to be silenced and for the voice of peace to be heard?
JAMES W. CARDEN – Hawkish US officials overstated Soviet gains in the third world in the 1970s, and â€œexhibit A in the case that the USSR was inexorably expandingâ€¦was Afghanistan.â€ And after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, â€œWashington believed Russiaâ€™s objective was the Persian Gulf.â€ Yet, it is argued by John Lamberton Harper, that the hawks within the Carter administration, led by Brzezinski, â€œwere misled by their schematic conceptions.â€Â
NICOLAI N. PETRO – The United States insists on seeing Ukraine through the prism of Russia, rather than through the complex realities of Ukraine.