Nonviolence, Not Violence, Promises a Brighter Mid-East Future

By Michael N. Nagler

This partial check to the mad violence unleashed on Gaza, while it comes as a great relief to all of us, should also be an opportunity to refocus our determination that this violence stop happening, and never happen anywhere again.


Violent System Living

The big picture is this: we live in a violent system.  Overriding the unquenchable yearning for peace and unity in every one of us, and which is arguably much closer to our actual nature, is a distorting culture that possesses the world of our thoughts and emotions. We see it in, among other things,

  • The overriding narrative of our culture, which is predicated on a dispiriting image of the human being.
  • Institutions, like retributive justice that operate from this narrative.
  • The guiding principle of competition that has come to be enshrined in business, education, entertainment, sports — and of course war.

Within this thought-world extremists who act out violently have a kind of multiplier effect; their violence resonates powerfully throughout the social system.  A drastic example of this was the 9/11 attackers.  By laying down 19 and an expenditure estimated at $100,000, they changed America and much of the industrial world forever, wasting thousands of American and allied lives plus many, many more of Iraqis, Afghans, and others―remarkably, we have also utterly wasted more than $1.3 trillion on this long vengeance.  We’ve lost a large part of our freedom and security.  How was a small band of fanatical men able to wreak such enormous changes on such a vast country? They played us like a fiddle to our great detriment—how?  Because the energy they embodied was the same energy that resonates throughout that country, pervading its value system and culture: violence. They understood us much better than we understood them.

Nonviolent System

Consider by contrast an episode at the conclusion of the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955-56.  Attempting to disrupt the gains of the Civil Rights movement’s opening campaign, some extremists set off a bomb.  Normally, this would have sown panic in the African American community; but because of the powerful nonviolent spirit that prevailed at that time, the result of the explosion was instead a calm resolve to continue nonviolent struggle―which they won.  In a nonviolent system sporadic violence can be absorbed; in a violent system it’s magnified.

This is why extremists whom even Hamas cannot control, and others whom the Israelis cannot or will not control (I’m thinking of the “Settlers”) cause us such suffering, overwhelming our deepest aspirations for peace and security, for mutual amity, even though those who of us still have such aspirations may be in a great majority. We allow revenge to rule and we lose when we do.

Therefore the first lesson to draw while we have this interlude, this ceasefire, is that, if we wish for a world of peace and justice, we must build from the ground up a system of robust harmony and respect for all human beings that can neutralize the work of extremist minorities.  We must, as part of this transformation, put behind us for good the notion that we can win security by violence.  The mounting suicides of American servicemen and women are telling us the same story.  Our bursting prisons are telling it just as loudly: To have security we must cultivate the worldview of nonviolence in our minds and build the institutions of nonviolence in our world.  We must have restorative justice instead of punitive, dehumanizing prisons; we must have strongly authorized diplomacy and the service of unarmed civilian peacekeepers instead of a world flooded with arms and fueled by hatred.

My dear friend Sami Awad of the Holy Land Trust in Bethlehem has been doing nonviolence education and nonviolence training among his fellow Palestinians for two decades.  Now, thanks to the bombings visited on Gaza, he finds himself confronted by the most intense hatred toward Israel he’s ever seen.  How is this going to make Israel —or anyone else — more secure?

A world that’s secure and free from violence will come about only when people like Sami are not voices crying in the wilderness but are understood, appreciated, and empowered by the world around them.   Φ

Michael Nagler, syndicated by PeaceVoice, is professor emeritus of Classics and Comparative Literature at UC―Berkeley and the author of The Search for a Nonviolent Future.

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