By John LaForge
Three anti-war activists who easily snuck into what is touted as one of the countryâ€™s most secure nuclear weapons facilities were sentenced to long terms in federal prison Tuesday, Feb. 18.
The three were convicted last May on felony charges of depredation of property and sabotage for their nonviolent action called Transform Now Plowshares at the Y-12 Nuclear Weapons Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The convictions carried possible maximum sentences of 30 years in prison.
Federal District Judge Amul R. Thapar sentenced both Greg Boertje-Obed, 58, of Duluth, and Michael Walli, 65, of Washington, DC, to five years and two months in prison (â€œ62 months,â€ in the parlance of the federal court) plus three years of heavily supervised probation.Â Sr. Megan Rice, 84, of New York, NY, was sentenced to 35 months in prison plus three years of probation.
Megan, Michael and Greg entered Y-12 in the wee hours of the morning on July 28, 2012, cutting four fences and traversing a â€œlethal-force-authorizedâ€ zone, arriving at the Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility, the countryâ€™s warehouse of weapons-grade uranium. They poured blood on the walls and spray painted â€œWoe to an Empire of Bloodâ€ and â€œThe Fruit of Justice is Peace.â€ They also chipped a corner of the concrete wall with a small hammer, a symbolic act reflecting the Old Testament prophecy of Isaiah who said, â€œThey shall beat their swords into plowshares.â€
Highly Exaggerated Repair Costs
The judge also ordered the three to collectively pay $52,900 in restitution for what prosecutors said was materials and overtime costs to fix the openings in four wire fences and paint over the slogans. Defense attorneys for the three have indicated that the grossly exaggerated repair costs would be challenged on appeal.
Ramsey Clark Weighs In
At Tuesdayâ€™s hearing, each of the nuclear resisters spoke, reminding the court of the central purpose of their action — to call the courtâ€™s attention to the ongoing US violation of the 1970 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) at the Y-12 plant in Oak Ridge, Tenn. In testimony at hearings before trial, former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark called the production of nuclear weapons components at Y-12 â€œunlawfulâ€ and the work there â€œa criminal enterpriseâ€ because the NPT obliges the US government to pursue good faith negotiations for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
Twisted Logic of Judge’s Rulings and Accusations
Ignoring each of the defendantâ€™s direct appeals to the governmentâ€™s binding legal obligations under the NPT and the Constitution (which holds that treaties are the â€œSupreme law of the landâ€) Judge Thapar repeatedly accused the three of showing â€œcomplete disrespect for law.â€
Judge Thaparâ€™s accusation of â€œlawlessnessâ€ was plainly dishonest and likely designed for the press, especially in view of his pre-trial orders forbidding the defendants from presenting legitimate law-based defenses. The defense of necessity — that unlawful government actions may be interfered with by citizens acting in the spirit of crime prevention — was also disallowed by Judge Thapar, who ruled before trial that the question of whether nuclear weapons production is unlawful was not relevant to the case and would confuse the jury. What the judge did not say was that when juries are allowed to consider evidence of the outlaw status of nuclear weapons, they regularly find protesters not guilty by reason of justification.
Assistant US District Attorney Jeffery Theodore had recommended much longer sentences for all three: At least 92 months for Michael; 78 months for Greg; and 70 months for Sr. Megan. But Judge Thapar challenged the prosecutor on his claim that the three had â€œharmed the national defense.â€ When Mr. Theodore asserted that the protesters â€œdid not just monetary harmâ€ but much more, the judge flatly disagreed. â€œWhat is the other harm — beyond the property damage — harm to pride? What is the real harm to the security of the United States?â€ the judge asked. Mr. Theodore merely noted the sworn testimony of a General Johnson who said that break-in had destroyed the â€œmystiqueâ€ of robust security around nuclear weapons factories.
Defense in Their Own Words
Speaking for himself in reply to the judgeâ€™s characterization of the action as â€œdisrespectful of law,â€ Michael Walli said in part, â€œIâ€™m offended by the notion that Auschwitz had a legal right to exist. The gas ovens, the crematoria, fences and buildings there all had a purpose that was not legal or just. The name of the law used by the US to protect the criminal state terrorism going on at Y-12 is preposterous. â€¦ The law codified in the Nuremberg Principles forbids complicity in ongoing crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimesâ€ such as the planning a preparation of mass destruction.
The statement issued by the three at the time of their action said Y-12 was chosen for the action because of its plans for a multi-billion dollar H-bomb factory there — the Uranium Processing Facility. The sole purpose of the UPF (price tag now $19 billion) is to produce thermonuclear cores for gravity H-bombs and ballistic missile warheads. Y-12 is a weapons production facility where workers today perform so-called â€œLife Extension Upgradesâ€ on the W76 warhead and potentially the B-61 gravity H-bomb.Î¦
John LaForge is a co-director of Nukewatch, a nuclear watchdog and environmental justice group inÂ Wisconsin,Â edits its Quarterly, and writes for PeaceVoice.