By Robert C.Â Koehler
â€œJust as we stood for freedom in the 20th century, we must stand together for the right of people everywhere to live free from fear in the 21st century. And . . . as the only nuclear power to have used a nuclear weapon, the United States has a moral responsibility to act. We cannot succeed in this endeavor alone, but we can lead it, we can start it.
â€œSo today, I state clearly and with conviction Americaâ€™s commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.â€
Uh . . .
These words, the core of President Obamaâ€™s first major foreign policy speech,Â delivered in PragueÂ in April 2009, now resonate with nothing so much as toxic irony â€” these pretty words, these words of false hope, which disappeared into Washingtonâ€™s military-industrial consensus and failed to materialize into action or policy.
James Carroll, writing at Mother Jones in 2013, describes what happened in the wake of this extraordinary policy declaration:
â€œIn order to get the votes of Senate Republicans to ratify the START treaty, Obama made what turned out to be a devilâ€™s bargain. He agreed to lay the groundwork for a vast â€˜modernizationâ€™ of the US nuclear arsenal, which, in the name of updating an aged system, is already morphing into a full-blown reinvention of the arms cache at an estimated future cost of more than a trillion dollars. In the process, the Navy wants, and may get 12 new strategic submarines; the Air Force wants, and may get a new long-range strike bomber force. Bombers and submarines would, of course, both be outfitted with next-generation missiles, and weâ€™d be off to the races. The arms races.â€
And the cause of global nuclear disarmament, once a dream with geopolitical cred, may wind up entombed in eternal apathy. As Carroll put it: â€œNuclear abolition itself is being abolished.â€
But I refuse to believe that. What I do believe is that change of such magnitude simply cannot emerge from the actions of top-down leadership, even sentimentally sympathetic leadership like Obamaâ€™s, until a counterforce for disarmament is able to stand eyeball to eyeball with world decision makers and the military-industrial matrix in which they operate.
Say hello to theÂ Marshall Islands, the tiny, heroic island nation in Micronesia, with a population just over 70,000. This former U.S. territory, which still bears the terrible scars of 67 above-ground nuclear blasts between 1946 and 1958, when this country used it as an expendable nuclear test site, has engaged the United States â€” and, indeed, all nine nations that possess nuclear weapons â€” in lawsuits demanding that they comply with the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and begin the process of negotiating global nuclear disarmament.
Specifically, the lawsuits â€” filed both in the International Court of Justice in the Hague and U.S. federal court â€” are demanding compliance with Article VI of the treaty, signed by the U.S. in 1970, which reads: â€œEach of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.â€
General and complete disarmament . . .
Do these words actually have meaning? Right now the Marshall Islands stand alone among the nations of Planet Earth in believing that they do.
U.S. Treaty Obligations
The U.S. suit was filed in the April 2014 and dismissed as â€œspeculative.â€ This ruling was appealed, the appeal was contested, and last month the attorneys for the Marshall Islands filed their reply brief, challenging, among other things, the U.S. governmentâ€™s contention that an international treaty is the province of the Executive Branch to comply with (or ignore) as it chooses.
The brief is demanding that the Judicial Branch assert itself in this matter and rule on the island nationâ€™s claims that A) as a signatory to the treaty, it is owed U.S. compliance to negotiate disarmament in good faith and dismantle its own nuclear weapons cache rather than upgrade it; and B) U.S. failure to do so creates a â€œmeasurable increased risk of nuclear dangerâ€ for the Marshall Islands (and, of course, everyone else on the planet).
Thereâ€™s no clear time frame for what will happen next, but at some point, a three-judge panel in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit will either uphold the caseâ€™s dismissal or call for oral arguments to proceed.
â€œUnder the treaty, they are obligated to do what they said they were going to do,â€ David Krieger, president ofÂ Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, which is working with the Marshall Islands on its case, said to me. The case alerts the public to how its interests are â€œbeing jeopardized by the failure of nuclear-armed countries to fulfill their obligations.â€
A Planet Awaits
Today, as I write this, North Korea is claiming that it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb; if true, this is seriously disheartening news for the rest of the planet, and the claim is reaping universal condemnation. But the nuclear-armed nations arenâ€™t condemning themselves for doing the same thing. Clearly, such enormous power is difficult â€” if not impossible â€” to give up on oneâ€™s own.
Is there a force for peace that can break this impasse? A tiny, wounded nation, which is still reaping the consequences of being forced to serve as a nuclear testing ground, says yes there is. The challenge is real, not symbolic. Itâ€™s also unprecedented. Multiply their effort by the hopes of almost everyone on the planet and maybe we could produce a leader who means what he says:
â€œSo today, I state clearly and with conviction Americaâ€™s commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.â€Î¦
Robert Koehler, syndicated by PeaceVoice, is a Chicago award-winning journalist and editor.