In July 2017, by aÂ vote of 122 to 1, with one abstention, nations from around the world attending a United Nations-sponsored conference in New York City voted to approve a treaty to ban nuclear weapons.Â Â Although this Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons received little coverage in the mass media, its passage was a momentous event, capping decades of international nuclear arms control and disarmament agreements that, together, have reduced the worldâ€™s nuclear weapons arsenals by approximatelyÂ 80 percentÂ and have limited the danger of a catastrophic nuclear war.Â Â TheÂ treaty prohibitedÂ all ratifying countries from developing, testing, producing, acquiring, possessing, stockpiling, using, or threatening to use nuclear weapons.
Curiously, though, despite official support for the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons by almost two-thirds of the worldâ€™s nations, the Trump administrationâ€•like its counterparts in other nuclear-armed countriesâ€•regarded this historic measure as if it were being signed in a parallel, hostile universe.Â Â As a result, theÂ United States and the eight other nuclear powersÂ boycotted the treaty negotiations, as well as the final vote.Â Â Moreover, after the treaty was approved amid the tears, cheers, and applause of the UN delegates and observers, a joint statement issued by the UN ambassadors of the United States, Britain, and France declared that their countries wouldÂ neverÂ become party to the international agreement.
One clear indication that the nuclear powers have no intention of dispensing with their nuclear arsenals is theÂ nuclear weapons buildupÂ that all of them are now engaged in, with the U.S. government in the lead.Â Â Although the Trump administration inherited its nuclear weapons â€œmodernizationâ€ program from its predecessor, that programâ€•designed to provide new weapons for nuclear warfare, accompanied by upgraded or new facilities for their productionâ€•is constantly increasing in scope and cost.Â In October 2017, the non-partisanÂ Congressional Budget Office (CBO) reportedÂ that the cost for the planned â€œmodernizationâ€ of the U.S. nuclear weapons complex over the next three decades had reached a staggering $1.2 trillion.Â Â Thanks to the Trump administrationâ€™sÂ planÂ to upgrade the three legs of the U.S. nuclear triad and build new cruise and ballistic missiles, the estimated cost of the U.S. nuclear buildup rose in February 2018 toÂ $2 trillion.
In this context, the Trump administration has no interest in pursuing the nuclear arms control and disarmament agreements, discussed or signed, that have characterized the administrations of all Democratic and Republican administrations since the dawn of the nuclear era.Â Â Not only are no such agreements currently being negotiated, but in October 2018 the Trump administration, charging Russian violations of theÂ Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, announced a unilateral U.S. withdrawal from it.Â Â Signed in 1987 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, the treaty removed all medium range nuclear missiles from Europe, established a cooperative relationship between the two nations that led to the end of the Cold War, and served subsequently as the cornerstone of U.S.-Russian nuclear arms controls.
Although someÂ Allied leadersÂ joined Trump in questioning Russian compliance with the treaty, most criticized the U.S. pullout, claiming that treaty problems could be solved through U.S.-Russian negotiations.Â Assailing the U.S. action, which portended a nuclear weapons buildup by both nations, a spokesperson for the European Union declared:Â Â â€œThe world doesnâ€™t need a new arms race that would benefit no one and on the contrary would bring even more instability.â€Â Â Nevertheless,Â Trump, in his usual insouciant style, immediately announced that the U.S. government planned to increase its nuclear arsenal until other nations â€œcome to their senses.â€
Of course, as Daniel Ellsberg has noted in his book,Â The Doomsday Machine, nuclear weapons are meant to be usedâ€•either to bully other nations into submission or to wage a nuclear war.Â Â Certainly, that is President Trumpâ€™s view of them, as indicated by his startling nuclear threats.Â Â In August 2017, angered by North Koreaâ€™s nuclear missile progress and the belligerent statements of its leaders,Â Trump warnedÂ that â€œNorth Korea best not make any more threats to the United Statesâ€ or â€œthey will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen.â€Â Â In January 2018, referring to North Koreaâ€™s leader, Kim Jong-un,Â Trump boastedÂ provocatively that â€œI too have a Nuclear Button, but it is a much bigger and more powerful one than his.â€Â Fortunately, largely thanks to the skillful diplomatic maneuvers of South KoreanÂ President Moon Jae-inâ€•Trumpâ€™s threats of nuclear war against North Korea have recently ground to a halt, at least temporarily.
But they are now beingÂ redirected against Iran.Â Â In May 2018, Trump unilaterally withdrew the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement with Iran that had been negotiated by the governments of the United States and other major nations.Â Designed to ensure that Iran did not develop nuclear weapons, the agreement, as UN inspectors reported, had been strictly complied with by that nation.Â Â Even so, Trump, angered by other actions of the Iranian regime, pulled out of the agreement and, in its place, instituted punitive economic sanctions on Iran, accompanied by calls to overthrow its government.Â Â When, in July, the Iranian president cautioned Trump about pursing policies hostile to his nation, the U.S. president tweeted, in bold capitals:Â â€œNEVER, EVER THREATEN THE UNITED STATES AGAIN OR YOU WILL SUFFER CONSEQUENCES THE LIKES OF WHICH FEW THROUGHOUT HISTORY HAVE EVER SUFFERED BEFORE.â€Â Â Just in case Iranians missed the implications of this extraordinary statement, Trumpâ€™s hawkish national security advisor, John Bolton, followed up by declaring:Â Â â€œPresident Trump told me that if Iran does anything at all to the negative, they will pay a price like few countries have ever paid.â€
This obsession of the Trump administration with building nuclear weapons and threatening nuclear war underscores its unwillingness to join other governments in developing a sane nuclear policy.Â Â Indeed, it seems determined to continue lurching toward unparalleled catastrophe.Î¦