By Robert C. Koehler
â€œIâ€™ll never tire of repeating: We need to demilitarize world affairs, international politics and political thinking.â€
What if a world leader â€” someone with extraordinary power, even, my God, control over nuclear weapons â€” were to talk this way? Well, this is as close as we can get for now. The words are those of Mikhail Gorbachev, writing recently in Time magazine about the pandemic and its revelation of â€œhow fragileâ€ our planet is.
â€œWhat we urgently need now is a rethinking of the entire concept of security. Even after the end of the Cold War, it has been envisioned mostly in military terms. Over the past few years, all weâ€™ve been hearing is talk about weapons, missiles and airstrikes. . . .
â€œIs it not clear by now that wars and the arms race cannot solve todayâ€™s global problems? War is a sign of defeat, a failure of politics.â€
If only such words had resonance in the linear world of geopolitics, where militarism and mysteriously determined â€œnational interestâ€ rule and security means â€” though it is never put this way â€” playing games with Armageddon. This is called realism. And those who claim to be realists never â€” ever, ever â€” allow a word like â€œdisarmamentâ€ into the conversation, much less into the realm of political choice.
Sorry, Mikhail. Youâ€™re old and out of it. When national security is discussed in military terms, it is discussed only in military terms.
Thus, a recent issue of Popular Mechanics investigated whether the nation was still safe from, you know, its enemies during the pandemic. Typically, any complex scrutiny of militarized security was avoided and the article limited itself to the mechanics of nuclear deterrence, which, we are informed, â€œrequires extreme levels of readiness among pilots, maintenance crews, and security teams.â€
Yes, that makes sense, but then, in the same paragraph, the article quietly transitions from mechanics to ideology: â€œAdversaries that donâ€™t think the U.S. can respond with conventional bombing strikes or nukes could be emboldened to act aggressively.â€
Pandemic or no pandemic, our enemies are still focused on any opening in our nuclear defense system and â€” who can prove otherwise? â€” might well jump at the opportunity to send us to Kingdom Come if the opportunity arises. When it comes to geopolitics, fear is all you need to understand. Therefore, as Gen. Timothy M. Ray, commander of Air Force Global Strike Command, explained:
â€œOur long-range strike capability from bombers, both conventional and nuclear, and our ICBMs have to continue to operate in the background and to do whatâ€™s needed, when itâ€™s needed.â€
He added that the American nuclear arsenal, just in case there were any doubts, is â€œthe foundation of the security structure of the free world. We know that and weâ€™ve got to make sure that itâ€™s viable.â€
My point here isnâ€™t that militarized security is wrong (necessarily), but that when itâ€™s discussed, the maintenance of such security is presented with only a single potential downside: The shape-shifting enemy that has hated our values for, lo, the last three-quarters of a century, that wants our wealth, that canâ€™t tolerate the idea of democracy, that manifests evil itself, could grab our power and take over the world if we let up in our nuclear and conventional readiness even for a moment, or fail to continue developing the next generation of weaponry.
Here are some things that generally do not get to be part of the discussion â€” because, if they were, they would make the military-industrial reasoning collapse in half a second: 1. Nuclear war has no borders and, if unleashed, would destroy the whole planet. 2. Even if we â€œwonâ€ a nuclear war, uh, did you ever hear of nuclear winter? 3. The nations of the world spend about $2 trillion a year on wars and weaponry, which of course is money that could be spent ending poverty, saving lives, providing educational opportunities and, generally, healing the wounds that keep promulgating wars in the first place. 4. Over the last ten or so millennia, no war has ever created peace. 5. Our real enemy is not some other country but climate collapse caused by endless human exploitation of the natural world â€” much of it perpetuated by war â€” and absolutely the only way to deal with this looming disaster is via unprecedented geopolitical cooperation.
The Christian Science Monitor recently took a broader look at nukes and militarism in the time of COVID-19, quoting former NATO Deputy Secretary General Rose Gottemoeller: â€œI continue to believe that the coronavirus pandemic is providing an opportunity for leaders to come together around international institutions and agreements and to restate commitments to international cooperation.â€
This definitely seemed a little more hopeful, but as I read her words, I couldnâ€™t help wondering: Why does it take a pandemic to get the world to stop fighting? Are we being led by 3-year-olds? Fascinatingly, as the article continued, Gottemoeller herself addressed the matter as though it involved 3-year-olds, referring to several countries as â€œmischief-makersâ€ in the nuclear arena.
Which countries? North Korea and Iran.
God help us if weâ€™re the nuclear adults â€” U.S.A.! U.S.A.! Half the money the world spends on militarism â€” including nukes â€” every year is hemorrhaged by the United States of America.
And, as Medea Benjamin and Nicolas J.S. Davies note: â€œBipartisan hostility to Russia and China is only helping to justify the Pentagonâ€™s pivot from â€˜counterterrorismâ€™ to its New Cold War with our nuclear-armed neighbors and trillions of dollars in spending on new weapons that make the world more dangerous for all of us.â€
And then, of course, thereâ€™s the nationâ€™s mischief-maker-in chief. I wonder if Gorbachev would be interested in running against him this fall?