By Julie Zeglen
Nearly a year into the COVID-19 pandemic that sent work and learning home for many, Comcast said Tuesday that it will double the download speed of its Internet Essentials service for low-income Americans to 50 Mbps and increasing its upstream speed to 5 Mbps, effective March 1.
This speed increase comes after months of criticism from around the mid-Atlantic region and beyond that the Center City Philadelphia-headquartered telecommunications giant must do more to bridge the digital divide in the regions where it operates â€” especially during the pandemic, when digital access inequities have been laid bare.
Internet Essentials has been used by 8 million people nationally since its 2011 launch, serving those who qualify for programs such as the National School Lunch Program, Medicaid and SNAP. The service currently costs $9.95 per month and offers a 25 mbps download and 3 mbps upload rate.
A spokesperson told Technical.ly that this increase is the sixth time Comcast has upped its Internet Essentials speeds since the start of the program. Since March 2020, Comcast has also added two months of free service to new customers who sign on during the pandemic, which more recently has been extended to any qualifying customer who signs up before June 30 of this year.
This expansion news raises the question: Is it enough?
Internet Essentialsâ€™ current speeds meet the minimum FCC requirements for high-speed internet. Comcast has also claimed that service at that 25/5 rate can allow for â€œthree high-quality Zoom calls.â€
But throughout the pandemic, families with multiple students using the service at once have themselves claimed theyâ€™ve had trouble with call quality â€” that the speeds offered are not strong enough to manage the demands of at-home learning. In January, Chase Roper, a Washington-based former Comcast call center rep, also went public with his frustrations with being asked to sell more expensive packages to low-income families when their slower speeds werenâ€™t sufficient.
The Comcast spokesperson contended that these examples of technical issues are rare, and are often fixed when the company gets in touch directly with the family experiencing the issue.https://platform.twitter.com/embed/Tweet.html?creatorScreenName=juliezeglen&dnt=false&embedId=twitter-widget-0&frame=false&hideCard=false&hideThread=false&id=1348747736946917376&lang=en&origin=https%3A%2F%2Ftechnical.ly%2F2021%2F02%2F02%2Fcomcast-internet-essentials-digital-divide%2F&siteScreenName=technical_ly&theme=light&widgetsVersion=889aa01%3A1612811843556&width=550px
In Philadelphia, Comcastâ€™s hometown, where more than a quarter of homes lack broadband, protesters (including one city councilperson) in August demanded that, among other things, the company increase Internet Essentials speeds, and that Internet Essentials services be free for the duration of the pandemic and not just the first two months of service. As of Tuesdayâ€™s announcement, it has met both of those.
In Baltimore, where 40% of homes in the city lack wireline internet access and one in three donâ€™t have a desktop or laptop, students have called on both Comcast and the FCC to expand Wi-Fi access by offering high-speed broadband internet for all students, and move the conversation forward on internet as a human right.
After â€œis it enough,â€ thereâ€™s the broader question of what the corporation should do for the residents of the regions where it operates. Those in the proudly capitalist camp may say it fulfills its purpose as a for-profit company by delivering its services to its customers as promised, and by delivering value to its shareholders. But Comcast also exists amid a groundswell of calls for corporations to advance social good â€” such as breaking ties with politicians aligned with those threatening our democracy, for example. Such calls were made long before the pandemic and racial justice movement of 2020 clarified and widened societyâ€™s existing cracks, but these shifts boosted them.
Beyond Internet Essentials, Comcast has done other work to advance social good. A rundown of initiatives the corporation has launched during the pandemic to support low-income residents and other disadvantaged groups:
- Lift Zones, bringing business-speed Wi-Fi to hundreds of rec centers and community orgs in the DMV region, New Jersey, Philly, Delaware and elsewhere, with a goal to connect 1,000 Lift Zones by the end of 2021
- RISE, a three-year program supporting U.S. small businesses, with a special early focus on Black-owned businesses, affected by the pandemic via grants, marketing and tech updates
- Opened Internet Essentials to Philly students in need as part of the wider PHLConnectED initiative
- Committing more than $40 million to digital equity efforts, including tech-related nonprofits such as Per Scholas, Coded by Kids and Code for Philly, the local Code for America brigade that launched tech training fellowships last summer
- And more
These initiatives had made real impact for the orgs and people they serve.
â€œTransforming our Boys & Girls Clubs into Lift Zones has made a huge difference in the lives of the students we serve in Philadelphia,â€ said Lisabeth Marziello, president and CEO of Boys & Girls Clubs of Philadelphia, in a statement. â€œMany of the kids who come to our clubs either donâ€™t have the Internet at home or they have it, but they canâ€™t study at home for a variety of reasons and they need somewhere to go.â€
Note that Comcast isnâ€™t alone in offering a low-cost internet option: Charter, the countryâ€™s second-largest cable company, has Spectrum Internet Assist, and Cox, the countryâ€™s third-largest cable internet provider, has a program called Connect2Compete.
In the U.S., broadband is treated like something in between those familiar utilities like electricity and luxuries. Itâ€™s more like, say, a cable TV subscription. But advocates have said for years that broadband should be classified as a public utility, as itâ€™s necessary to participate in much of 21st-century life. Even before this forced remote learning, six in 10 American eighth graders relied on the internet at home to get their homework done, per Pew Research. This year has shown just how shaky a modern education system is without widespread broadband access: If a students canâ€™t load Zoom, theyâ€™re missing class completely.
So even as the push to expand connectivity is not new, the pandemic has raised awareness. And it shows how this issue touches education, economic mobility and more, leading to more unity around the calls for change.
â€œTodayâ€™s announcement shows that Comcast can improve its service for families and community members in need, at any time â€” and that the power of students, teachers, elders, people with disabilities, and Black and brown communities united can force even the biggest companies to bring us closer to making internet service a human right in this unprecedented pandemic,â€ said Devren Washington, senior policy organizer with Phillyâ€™s Movement Alliance Project (MAP), a regular Comcast agitator.
The Comcast spokesperson said, indeed, changes are always possible, but it takes considerable financial and infrastructure investment to make that change happen. They didnâ€™t share how much the upgrade would cost the corporation, but noted that the changes wonâ€™t be in place until March because of the time required to implement them. The rollout should also be considered as part of Comcastâ€™s ongoing commitment to improving its services and increasing its contributions to digital equity, they said.
So, is it enough? Not yet, according to critics. And the question isnâ€™t going away.
â€œI am glad that Comcast has finally responded to community demands, but a year into the pandemic and with a generation of children having their education rely on internet access, itâ€™s clear this is just the start,â€ said Philadelphia Council member Helen Gym, who protested alongside MAP in August, in a statement. â€œDoubling the speeds on Internet Essentials is an important step but it must be the first of many. Poverty must never be a barrier to learning. We will continue to push Comcast to ensure that Internet Essentials is as reliable and fast as any commercial internet service.â€
Julie Zeglen is the managing editor of Technical.ly and oversees its four markets: Philadelphia, Baltimore, D.C. and Delaware. She first joined the Technically Media team as editor of sister site Generocity, which covers social impact in Philadelphia, and previously worked as managing editor of Star Community Newsweekly, a hyperlocal newspaper focused on Philadelphia’s River Wards. The Temple alumna calls West Philly home.
This story was edited by Technical.ly Assistant Editor Stephen Babcock.
This story was published on February 2 at Technical.ly.