Two Hundred Nobel Laureates Call for an End to the Ukraine War

An open letter from Nobel laureates

The undersigned Nobel laureates voice our support for the Ukrainian people and the free and independent state of Ukraine as it faces Russian aggression.

In a move that recalls the infamous attack of Nazi Germany on Poland in 1939 (using similar tricks of feigned provocation) and on the Soviet Union in 1941, the government of the Russian Federation, led by President Putin, has launched an unprovoked military aggression — nothing else but a war — against its neighbor, Ukraine. We choose our words carefully here, for we do not believe the Russian people have a role in this aggression.

We join in condemning these military actions and President Putin’s essential denial of the legitimacy of Ukraine’s existence.

There is always a peaceful way to resolve disputes. The Russian invasion blatantly violates the United Nations Charter, which says “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.” It ignores the Budapest Memorandum of 1994, which obligated Russia and others to respect the sovereignty, independence, and existing borders of Ukraine.

Russia’s security concerns can be addressed within the framework of the UN Charter, the 1975 Helsinki Final Act, and the 1990 Paris Charter. To make war, as President Putin and his collaborators have done, is an unwarranted, bloody, and unproductive way to a future.

The Russian invasion will stain the international reputation of the Russian state for decades to come. It will pose barriers to its economy and inflict hardships on its population. The sanctions imposed will restrict the ease of movement of its talented and hardworking people in the world. Why raise this fence between Russia and the world now?

Hundreds of Ukrainian soldiers, Russian soldiers, and Ukrainian civilians, including children, have died already. It’s so sad, so unnecessary. We gather in this appeal to call upon the Russian government to stop its invasion of Ukraine and withdraw its military forces from Ukraine.

We respect the calm and the strength of the Ukrainian people. We are with you. Our hearts go out to the families and friends of all, Ukrainians and Russians, who have died and been injured already. May peace come to this piece of our beautiful world.

This letter was published on March 1, 2022, here.

202 Laureates Supporting Ukraine
Peter Agre2003Chemistry
George A. Akerlof2001Economics
Svetlana Alexievich2015Literature
James P. Allison2018Medicine
Harvey J. Alter2020Medicine
Hiroshi Amano2014Physics
Werner Arber1978Medicine
Frances H. Arnold2018Chemistry
Richard Axel2004Medicine
David Baltimore1975Medicine
Barry Clark Barish2017Physics
Francoise Barre-Sinoussi2008Medicine
J. Georg Bednorz1987Physics
Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo1996Peace
Paul Berg1980Chemistry
Bruce A. Beutler2011Medicine
Gerd Binnig1986Physics
J. Michael Bishop1989Medicine
Elizabeth H. Blackburn2009Medicine
Michael S. Brown1985Medicine
Linda B. Buck2004Medicine
William C. Campbell2015Medicine
Mario R. Capecchi2007Medicine
Thomas R. Cech1989Chemistry
Martin Chalfie2008Chemistry
Emmanuelle Charpentier2020Chemistry
Steven Chu1997Physics
Aaron Ciechanover2004Chemistry
J. M. Coetzee2003Literature
Elias James Corey1990Chemistry
Robert F. Curl Jr.1996Chemistry
Angus S. Deaton2015Economics
Johann Deisenhofer1988Chemistry
Peter A. Diamond2010Economics
Peter C. Doherty1996Medicine
Jennifer A. Doudna2020Chemistry
Jacques Dubochet2017Chemistry
Shirin Ebadi2003Peace
Robert F. Engle III2003Economics
Francois Englert2013Physics
Gerhard Ertl2007Chemistry
Eugene F. Fama2013Economics
Bernard L. Feringa2016Chemistry
Andrew Z. Fire2006Medicine
Joachim Frank2017Chemistry
Jerome I. Friedman1990Physics
Leymah Roberta Gbowee2011Peace
Andre Geim2010Physics
Reinhard Genzel2020Physics
Andrea Ghez2020Physics
Sheldon Glashow1979Physics
Louise Gluck2020Literature
Joseph L. Goldstein1985Medicine
Carol W. Greider2009Medicine
David J. Gross2004Physics
F. Duncan M. Haldane2016Physics
Jeffrey Connor Hall2017Medicine
John L. Hall2005Physics
Serge Haroche2012Physics
Oliver Hart2016Economics
Leland H. Hartwell2001Medicine
Harald zur Hausen2008Medicine
James J. Heckman2000Economics
Richard Henderson2017Chemistry
Dudley R. Herschbach1986Chemistry
Avram Hershko2004Chemistry
Roald Hoffmann1981Chemistry
Jules A. Hoffmann2011Medicine
Bengt Holmstrom2016Economics
Tasuku Honjo2018Medicine
Gerardus ‘t Hooft1999Physics
H. Robert Horvitz2002Medicine
Sir Michael Houghton2020Medicine
Robert Huber1988Chemistry
Tim Hunt2001Medicine
Louis J. Ignarro1998Medicine
Kazuo Ishiguro2017Literature
Elfriede Jelinek2004Literature
Brian D. Josephson1973Physics
David Julius2021Medicine
William G. Kaelin Jr.2019Medicine
Daniel Kahneman2002Economics
Takaaki Kajita2015Physics
Eric R. Kandel2000Medicine
Tawakkol Karman2011Peace
Martin Karplus2013Chemistry
Wolfgang Ketterle2001Physics
Klaus von Klitzing1985Physics
Makoto Kobayashi2008Physics
Brian K. Kobilka2012Chemistry
Roger D. Kornberg2006Chemistry
J. Michael Kosterlitz2016Physics
Finn E. Kydland2004Economics
The 14th Dalai Lama1989Peace
Robert B. Laughlin1998Physics
Yuan T. Lee1986Chemistry
Robert J. Lefkowitz2012Chemistry
Anthony J. Leggett2003Physics
Jean-Marie Lehn1987Chemistry
Michael Levitt2013Chemistry
Tomas Lindahl2015Chemistry
Benjamin List2021Chemistry
Roderick MacKinnon2003Chemistry
David W.C. MacMillan2021Chemistry
Rudolph A. Marcus1992Chemistry
Barry J. Marshall2005Medicine
Eric S. Maskin2007Economics
John C. Mather2006Physics
Michel Mayor2019Physics
Arthur B. McDonald2015Physics
Daniel L. McFadden2000Economics
Craig C. Mello2006Medicine
Robert C. Merton1997Economics
Hartmut Michel1988Chemistry
Paul R. Milgrom2020Economics
Patrick Modiano2014Literature
Paul L. Modrich2015Chemistry
William E. Moerner2014Chemistry
Edvard Moser2014Medicine
May-Britt Moser2014Medicine
Gerard Mourou2018Physics
Denis Mukwege2018Peace
Herta Muller2009Literature
Ferid Murad1998Medicine
Roger B. Myerson2007Economics
Shuji Nakamura2014Physics
Erwin Neher1991Medicine
Ryoji Noyori2001Chemistry
Sir Paul Nurse2001Medicine
Christiane Nusslein-Volhard1995Medicine
John O’Keefe2014Medicine
Yoshinori Ohsumi2016Medicine
Satoshi Omura2015Medicine
Orhan Pamuk2006Literature
Ardem Patapoutian2021Medicine
James Peebles2019Physics
Roger Penrose2020Physics
Arno Penzias1978Physics
Saul Perlmutter2011Physics
Edmund S. Phelps2006Economics
William D. Phillips1997Physics
Christopher A. Pissarides2010Economics
John C. Polanyi1986Chemistry
H. David Politzer2004Physics
Stanley B. Prusiner1997Medicine
Didier Queloz2019Physics
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan2009Chemistry
Jose Ramos-Horta1996Peace
Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe2019Medicine
Maria Ressa2021Peace
Charles M. Rice2020Medicine
Adam G. Riess2011Physics
Sir Richard J. Roberts1993Medicine
Michael Rosbash2017Medicine
Alvin E. Roth2012Economics
James E. Rothman2013Medicine
Bert Sakmann1991Medicine
Oscar Arias Sanchez1987Peace
Juan Manuel Santos2016Peace
Kailash Satyarthi2014Peace
Jean-Pierre Sauvage2016Chemistry
Randy W. Schekman2013Medicine
Brian P. Schmidt2011Physics
Richard R. Schrock2005Chemistry
Gregg L. Semenza2019Medicine
Phillip A. Sharp1993Medicine
K. Barry Sharpless2001Chemistry
Dan Shechtman2011Chemistry
Robert J. Shiller2013Economics
Hideki Shirakawa2000Chemistry
George P. Smith2018Chemistry
Vernon L. Smith2002Economics
Hamilton O. Smith1978Medicine
Wole Soyinka1986Literature
Joseph E. Stiglitz2001Economics
Sir James Fraser Stoddart2016Chemistry
Horst L. Stormer1998Physics
Donna Strickland2018Physics
Jack W. Szostak2009Medicine
Joseph H. Taylor Jr.1993Physics
Kip Stephen Thorne2017Physics
Olga Tokarczuk2018Literature
Susumu Tonegawa1987Medicine
Daniel C. Tsui1998Physics
Mario Vargas Llosa2010Literature
Harold E. Varmus1989Medicine
Sir John E. Walker1997Chemistry
Arieh Warshel2013Chemistry
Rainer Weiss2017Physics
M. Stanley Whittingham2019Chemistry
Eric F. Wieschaus1995Medicine
Torsten N. Wiesel1981Medicine
Frank Wilczek2004Physics
Jody Williams1997Peace
Robert Woodrow Wilson1978Physics
David J. Wineland2012Physics
Sir Gregory P. Winter2018Chemistry
Kurt Wuthrich2002Chemistry
Shinya Yamanaka2012Medicine
Ada E. Yonath2009Chemistry
Michael W. Young2017Medicine
Muhammad Yunus2006Peace

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